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The Prussian Mendheims

(from what is now Poland)

We have recently tracked our Prussian Mendheims back to Philipp Mendheim and his wife Marianne Moses Mendheim. They had eight children and all but the oldest was born in Cüstrin, Brandenburg, Prussia. One of their daughters died at 16 days old. Philipp was a merchant and was of Jewish descent. Philipp died 27 January 1834 in Cüstrin. The family emigrated to the USA after Philipp's death starting with Emil in 1835 and ending with the women and Herman in 1850.

From the 1850 Federal Census (taken October 26, 1850) and other documents reviewed in Columbus, Georgia we can place all but Herman in and around Columbus during the period 1846 to 1851. The three females arrived in New York September 4, 1850 and their destination was Georgia. There are individuals in the 1850 Columbus census that most likely are these same individuals. I have yet to determine exactly when Herman came over but it is very likely he was on the same ship as the ladies. He possibly went directly from New York to California. Emil, Moritz, Rosalie and Johanna went to California; then Emil, Rosalie and Johanna went on to New York.

Marianne Moses (1794- 1862)

Besides the birth records of seven of her children there is only two conclusive references we have found regarding Marianne. The first is her departure aboard the steamer Helena Sloman and its arrival in New York September 4, 1850. Her stated destination was Georgia. She is probably the Ms. M listed in the household of Benjamin Mendheim in Columbus the next month for the 1850 US Census.

The other reference we found is that of her death on August 10, 1862 in Manhattan, New York. Her stated birth year in the death notice was 1794 which would make here about 68 at the time of her death.

Emil (1817-1889)

In naturalization records recorded in Book E of the Superior Court of Muscogee County (Columbus) Georgia, Emil stated that he came to the USA in 1835. He reported that he left from Liverpool and came through the Port of New York. He was naturalized in Columbus, Georgia on December 23, 1848 and reported his age to be 31 at that time. We therefore assume he was born around 1817.

We have found that Emil apparently also went by the name of Edward on many occasions. In June, 1841 Edward went into business manufacturing and importing "Segars" in New York City. There is evidence that he was in the Augusta, Ga. area around 1843. Then in 1846 Edward Mendheim witnessed the will of Levi Coleman in Columbus, Ga. A store that Emil apparently owned, Mendheim & Brothers dry goods, in Columbus was destroyed by fire in March 1847. He migrated to San Francisco in the early 1850's then on to New York where the first documentation we have found is him living there and filing for bankruptcy July 9, 1869. Beginning in 1872 and continuing until his death he is listed as dealing in men's clothing. In the 1880 census he is in the household of his sister Johanna Baronn. Emil died in New York on April 7, 1889.

Moritz (1819-1883)

Moritz came to the US through the Port of New York on November 7, 1849 arriving on the ship Washington from Southampton (it's possible there was a stop in Bremen as well). He reported his age as 30 years and 11 months (projecting his birth year as 1818). While we believe he was in Columbus Ga. during the 1850 Federal Census ( M. Mendheim age 30), he was there in 1851. Records in Columbus show " Moritz, Benjamin and Isidor recovering money ($2.87½ each) from the city on May 31, 1851 (Book G of the Superior Court of Muscogee County. Moritz went to New York and was living there from at least 1853 to 1856. He was naturalized in the New York Court of Common Pleas on October 10, 1855 and a year later on October 14, 1856 he sailed to San Francisco.

Around 1875, as a dying wish of a young lady's mother, Moritz adopted a lady named Kate from his homeland and she came over in May 1876. Kate went on a visit to NY in 1881 and was caught up in a love triangle with a married man. She committed suicide by an overdose of morphine in the St. James hotel on March 31, 1881.

After going to San Francisco, Moritz lived there until he died in 1883. He is buried in the Home of Peace Cemetery & Emanu-El Mausoleum / Jewish Cemetery in Colma, California (suburb of San Francisco).

Benjamin (1819-1888)

Benjamin and another Mendheim, recorded as Fedor, came to the US through the Port of New York on October 14, 1841 arriving on the ship Howard from Hamburg. In November 1841 Benjamin and Isidor placed an ad in the Augusta Chronicle looking for their brother Ernest (Emil) who was reported to have been living in the area in 1840-1841. The ad said they were from Cüstrin, Prussia.

It appears that Benjamin had established a residence in Columbus, Georgia not long after his arrival. Sometime between 1841 and 1850 he married Adeline Simmons of New York. They were in the Columbus, Georgia 1850 Federal Census of Muscogee County. Benjamin's naturalization was recorded in Book E of the Superior Court of Muscogee County (Columbus) Georgia on November 28, 1848. Also, Benjamin was listed as a slave owner in Columbus in 1850. Benjamin was in Augusta, Georgia in 1870 listed as Philip Mendheim in the Federal Census. The census shows Philip with his wife and their three children, Louis P., Maurice B. and Pauline, ages 13 to 17. The children were born in Missouri, Tennessee and Tennessee respectively. it appears Benjamin moved quite a bit, having lived in four states within a twenty year period. Also, there is a B. Mendheim on the 1865-1866 tax roles of South Carolina. In the 1880 Federal Census Benjamin is in Allendale, South Carolina. Ultimately, they wound up in New York City and Benjamin died there June 1888 with Adeline's death following in 1902.

I can't tell if Adeline or the children changed their last name after Benjamin's death (or it just evolved) to Mendham (see link below). Apparently Benjamin was a very successful business man and left the family very well off. Maurice and Louis formed a company called Mendham Brothers "Bankers and Brokers" which dealt in property, grain, cotton, stocks and bonds. They had a seat on the N.Y. Stock Exchange beginning in 1894 and gave it up in 1910. Their sister, Ada Pauline Mendham McCobb, was murdered in a San Antonio, Tx. boarding house in 1925 by a woman who was after her reported "fortune of jewels".

Isidor(e) (1821-1891)

We do not yet have solid evidence as to when Isidor came to the US. We are fairly sure he was the "Fedor" listed with Benjamin due to the similarity of the names (when spoken in questionable English) and we have found no other reference to a Fedor Mendheim. In November 1841 Benjamin and Isidor placed an ad in the Augusta Chronicle looking for their brother Ernest (Emil) who was reported to have been living in the area in 1840-1841. This ad says they are from Cüstrin, Prussia. Likewise, we do not yet have record of his naturalization process although he did homestead property in Alabama (which required a foreign born to be naturalized or in the process of doing so). From the information we have gathered, he apparently was born around 1825. Since I am a direct descendent of Isidor, most of the historical information on this site relates to Isidor and his family(s) which is included on the pages related to him.

Rosalie (1823- )

Rosalie came to the USA with Marianne and Johanna. From the 1850 Muscogee census records we estimate her birth year as 1828 (1829 per the ship manifest).

I was in communication with an individual that was researching Hermann Bauer who married Rosalie Mendheim (who was reportedly born in Kustrin, Brandenburg, Germany) in San Francisco and they went to New York where they had children. The children were Fanny and Philip and were born in 1856 and 1860 respectively.

The information above along with other information collected suggest that Rosalie: Came to the U.S. September 4, 1850; went to Columbus Georgia and was part of the 1850 US Federal Census which was taken there on October 26, 1850; sailed from New York to San Francisco on August 20, 1853; arrived in San Francisco September 15, 1853; married Hermann Bauer in San Francisco then returned to New York around 1855 to produce and raise a family.

Hanne (1824-1824 )

Rosalie came to the USA with Marianne and Johanna. From the 1850 Muscogee census records we estimate her birth year as 1828 (1829 per the ship manifest).

I was in communication with an individual that was researching Hermann Bauer who married Rosalie Mendheim (who was reportedly born in Kustrin, Brandenburg, Germany) in San Francisco and they went to New York where they had children. The children were Fanny and Philip and were born in 1856 and 1860 respectively.

The information above along with other information collected suggest that Rosalie: Came to the U.S. September 4, 1850; went to Columbus Georgia and was part of the 1850 US Federal Census which was taken there on October 26, 1850; sailed from New York to San Francisco on August 20, 1853; arrived in San Francisco September 15, 1853; married Hermann Bauer in San Francisco then returned to New York around 1855 to produce and raise a family.

Herman (1826-1901)

Herman Mendheim came to the USA around 1850 from Hamburg. The German manifest for the ship that brought the ladies over also had an H. Mendheim listed in steerage (the manifest in New York does not) so it is very possible he came over when the ladies came. He first appears in California documents in 1858 and he was naturalized in US District Court in San Francisco on August 30, 1858. Apparently Herman went to Washington, D.C. for a couple years between 1860-1862 where he is listed in their City Directory. He is on the San Francisco, California tax roles of 1862 and is living with Moritz in California in 1866. From a passport application of 1864 we establish his birth date of December 27, 1827. Herman died May 16, 1901 in San Francisco and is buried in the Home of Peace Cemetery & Emanu-El Mausoleum / Jewish Cemetery in Colma, California (suburb of San Francisco).

Johanna (1831- )

Johanna came to the US with Marianne and Rosalie. From a passport application we get her birth date as October 9, 1837. Johanna went to California sometime between 1850 and 1857 and married Bernhard Baronn. They had two children, Otto and Agnes, in California in 1958 and 1960 respectively. The family then moved to New York where they had three more children, Gertrude, Hugo and Laura (1861, 1862, 1870). From New York city directories of the time, it appears that Bernhard died in 1876. In 1880 Johanna was a widow in New York with their children and Emil was living with her.

 

   
 
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