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The Smiths


I owe a great deal of thanks and appreciation (and admiration) for the tremendous help and support of Joanne Smith T, M.D. of Opelika, Alabama. She helped me put a lot of context and information on the thin shred of information I had for our Smith line. I will be forever indebted to her.

Captain Nicholas Smith

Capt. Nicholas Smith of South Farnham Parish in Essex County Virginia was born about 1680. He was appointed a justice between 1720 and 1730, and was vestryman of the parish in 1739. He gave a bond as sheriff and collector in 1730. By deed, dated 15 July, 1729, he conveyed to his son Francis 400 acres of land in Essex, "being the dwelling plantation of the said Nicholas Smith;" and in 1733 conveyed land by deed to his son Nicholas Smith, Jr. Nicholas Sr. died in 1757 and administration on his estate was granted 16 August, 1757, to his son Nicholas the petition setting forth that he died in testate, and that Francis Smith was the elder son, but resigned his "right of administration" to his brother.

Colonel Francis Smith

Colonel Francis Smith, son of Captain Nicholas Smith, of South Farnham Parish in the county of Essex, Virginia, was vestryman and justice, 1740; major of horse, 1753, and afterwards colonel and member of the House of  Burgesses for Essex County, 1752-'58. His will was dated 5 Mar., 1760 and proved 15 Mar, 1762, In the will he disposed of a large estate, mentioning, besides his children, his wife Anne, who received for her life in lieu of dower:

"half of all my lands at the lower church in South Farnham Parish", other lands then in possession of her mother, Mrs. Tabitha (Cocke) Adams, widow of Ebenezer Adams, of New Kent County, eleven designated slaves, riding chair and horses, other horses, thirty head of cattle, twenty sheep, hogs, farming implements, "looking glass in the chamber over the hall; a dressing glass which stands in the lower chamber; two of my best beds and furniture; two black walnut tables; one dozen chairs, now standing in the hall; all my plate and china; half the kitchen furniture, and my black walnut desk".

To friend Thomas Adams (brother-in-law)  "a mourning ring of the price of two guineas"; son Meriwether "choice of my swords"; "my books to be equally divided among my three sons (Meriwether, Francis, William)" ; wife Anne, son Meriwether, and friend Thomas Adams executors.

He married, first, about 1729, Lucy, daughter of Francis and Mary (Bathurst) Meriwether, of Essex, who was living 21 Oct., 1740. He married, secondly, about 1747-'48, Anne (died 1775), daughter of Ebenezer Adams, gent., of New Kent Co., and Tabitha Cocke, his wife, daughter of Richard Cocke (the third), of "Bremo", Henrico Co., and Anne Bowler, his wife.

The children mentioned in the will were:

1. Meriwether Smith (mother was Lucy Meriwether)
 2. Mary Smith (mother was Lucy Meriwether)
 3. Elizabeth Smith (mother was Lucy Meriwether)
 4. Francis Smith (mother was Anne Adams)
 5. William Smith (mother was Anne Adams)
 6. Anne Smith (mother was Anne Adams)

*Genealogy of the Smith Family of Essex County, Virginia by C. W. Coleman, William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Volume 6, No. 1 (July 1897)

Francis Smith Jr.

Francis Smith Jr. was born in Essex County, Virginia about 1749. He met and then married Lucy Wilkinson about 1769 and they resided in Virginia until approximately 1784 when Francis received a land grant in Georgia for his service in the Revolutionary War. At that time they moved to Wilkes County, Georgia where he became a large property owner. Francis and Lucy had seven children (six boys and one girl) and William Wilkinson was their third child. Three of their sons wound up in Missouri:

1) John Smith T - a noted frontiers man and businessman (see link at bottom). 2) Brigadier General Thomas Adams Smith who was leader of all the military of the Louisiana Territory; and for whom Fort Smith Arkansas is named. 3) Reuben Smith (the youngest child) was a noted businessman and confidant of John Smith T in the Louisiana Territory.

By his will dated 31 Oct 1812 and proved 04 July 1814, Francis left all property, real and personal, to his wife for her life, all personal property and half the slaves to be disposed of as she thought proper; at her death lands and other slaves to be divided among their children; certain old and trusty negroes to be emancipated; wife Lucy and "beloved son-in-law, Peter Early, Esq.", executors (note Peter Early became Governor of Georgia).

William Wilkinson Smith

William married Judith Heard in Wilkes County, Georgia about 1802 (shortly before her father Jesse died). The family lived first in Georgia then about 1815 moved for a time to South Carolina While in South Carolina their seventh child, Thomas, died from being kicked by a horse. They then moved back to Georgia before finally moving to Chambers County, Alabama around the mid-1830's. William established a plantation of over 1,000 acres that was called Flint Hill. William died there on 04 Oct 1839. Their son Francis (sixth child) was killed there in 1841 by an ax blow to the head delivered by a female slave. Their old home was used following the Civil War as over night housing for criminals who worked for local farmers (there was a shortage of labor following the war) and was called the "Smith Stockade". Although the property has gone through many different hands, it is owned by a relative of William and Judith's and their graves (along with others) are located on the property.

William and Judith's third child was Cynthia W. Smith who married William A. Culp, M.D.

Cynthia W. Smith

Cynthia was born in Wilkes County Georgia in 1810. I am not sure if it was when the Smith family lived in South Carolina (about 1819-1828) that Cynthia met William Culp, who was also living in South Carolina at the time, or if they met some other way. By 1828 William Smith had moved his family back to Georgia. Cynthia and William were married in Harris County, Georgia on October 10, 1828. The Culps are listed in the 1830 York County, South Carolina census. It is my conjecture that the couple met while both lived in South Carolina, got married at the location of Cynthia's parents at the time but Cynthia never moved back to Georgia. From South Carolina they moved to Missouri and apparently from there to Chambers County, Alabama where the Smiths were living.

Around 1861 the Culps moved to Henry County, Alabama. Cynthia died sometime after July 1880 but I do not know when. They had seven children and out lived all but two. In speaking to people related to them and me, it was learned that there are graves in the Culp-Kirkland cemetery that are very old and unmarked. It is possible that William and Cynthia are buried there.

William and Cynthia's third child was Judith Culp who married Isidor Mendheim.


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